Pharmacologic Therapies

There are many medications available to help in the fight against heart and blood vessel disease. Below are some of the more commonly used medications.

  • ACE Inhibitors are used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). They relax blood vessels, lowering blood pressure and increasing the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart.
  • Antiarrhythmics are used to treat irregular heartbeat.
  • ARBs are used alone or with other medicines to treat high blood pressure by blocking the action of a hormone that causes blood vessels to narrow. As a result, blood vessels may relax and open up. This makes it easier for blood to flow through the vessels, reducing blood pressure.
  • Beta Blockers are used for a number of heart and blood vessel diseases such as angina, high blood pressure, irregular heart rhythm, and migraine headaches. They are often prescribed after a heart attack.
  • Calcium channel blockers help relax the blood vessels of the heart and the body. They help the heart muscle receive more blood and oxygen.
  • Digoxin is given to strengthen myocardial contraction, allowing the heart to beat more strongly.
  • Diuretics are often referred to as “water pills.” They help remove fluid that has gathered in the lungs and body. This makes it easier for your heart to pump blood.
  • Nitroglycerine is given to treat or prevent angina (chest pain).
  • Statins are used in conjunction with low-fat dietary changes to reduce elevated total cholesterol levels in the blood. These medications help prevent certain heart and blood vessel diseases in people who are at risk.
  • Vasodilators work by relaxing the smooth muscle of blood vessels, which opens up (dilates) the blood vessels. This allows blood to flow more easily and lowers blood pressure.

For more information, call 484-628-HELP (4357).