There are many medications available to help in the fight against heart and blood vessel disease. Below are some of the more commonly used medications.
- ACE Inhibitors are used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). They relax blood vessels, lowering blood pressure and increasing the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart.
- Antiarrhythmics are used to treat irregular heartbeat.
- ARBs are used alone or with other medicines to treat high blood pressure by blocking the action of a hormone that causes blood vessels to narrow. As a result, blood vessels may relax and open up. This makes it easier for blood to flow through the vessels, reducing blood pressure.
- Beta Blockers are used for a number of heart and blood vessel diseases such as angina, high blood pressure, irregular heart rhythm, and migraine headaches. They are often prescribed after a heart attack.
- Calcium channel blockers help relax the blood vessels of the heart and the body. They help the heart muscle receive more blood and oxygen.
- Digoxin is given to strengthen myocardial contraction, allowing the heart to beat more strongly.
- Diuretics are often referred to as “water pills.” They help remove fluid that has gathered in the lungs and body. This makes it easier for your heart to pump blood.
- Nitroglycerine is given to treat or prevent angina (chest pain).
- Statins are used in conjunction with low-fat dietary changes to reduce elevated total cholesterol levels in the blood. These medications help prevent certain heart and blood vessel diseases in people who are at risk.
- Vasodilators work by relaxing the smooth muscle of blood vessels, which opens up (dilates) the blood vessels. This allows blood to flow more easily and lowers blood pressure.
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