Spine Care & Treatment

The vertebral column, also called the backbone, is made up of 33 vertebrae that are separated by spongy disks and classified into four distinct areas.

This ever-important part of our skeletal system is prone, however, to conditions that require medical care and treatment.

Common Spinal Conditions

Ankylosing spondylitis is a long-term disease that causes inflammation of the joints between the spinal bones and the joints between the spine and the pelvis. It eventually causes the affected spinal bones to join together.

The cause of ankylosing spondylitis is unknown, but genes seem to play a role.

The disease most frequently begins between ages 20 and 40, but may begin before age 10. It affects more males than females. Risk factors include a family history of ankylosing spondylitis and male gender.

The disease starts with hip or low back pain that comes and goes and is worse at night, in the morning, or after inactivity.

Back pain may begin in the sacroiliac joints (between the pelvis and the spine) and involve all or part of the spine.

Pain may go away by bending over. You may not be able to fully expand your chest because of the involvement of the joints between the ribs.

Specific symptoms:

  • Chronic stooping to relieve symptoms
  • Eye inflammation
  • Fatigue
  • Heel pain
  • Hip pain and stiffness
  • Joint pain and joint swelling in the shoulders, knees, and ankles
  • Limited expansion of the chest
  • Limited range of motion, especially involving spine and hips
  • Low-back pain that is worse at night, in the morning, or after inactivity
  • Loss of appetite
  • Neck pain
  • Slight fever
  • Stiffness and limited motion in the low back
  • Weight loss

Spine Treatment Options

Your doctor may prescribe nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce inflammation and pain.

Corticosteroid therapy or medications to suppress the immune system may also be prescribed. Drugs called TNF-inhibitors (etanercept, adalimumab, infliximab), which block an inflammatory protein, have been shown to improve the symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis.

Some health care professionals use drugs that block cell growth (cytotoxic drugs) in people who do not respond well to corticosteroids or who are dependent on high doses of corticosteroids.

Surgery may be done if pain or joint damage is severe.

Exercises can help improve posture and breathing. Lying flat on the back at night can help maintain normal posture.

Lumbar Spinal Surgery

Lumbar spinal surgery is used to correct problems with the spinal bones (vertebrae), disks, or nerves of the lower back (lumbar spine).

Lumbar spinal surgery is done while you are under general anesthesia (unconscious and pain-free). A surgical cut is made over the area of the problem. The bone that curves around and covers the spinal cord and the tissue that presses on the nerve or spinal cord are removed.

Symptoms of lumbar spine problems that may require surgery at some point include:

  • Pain that extends (radiates) from the back to the buttocks or back of thigh
  • Pain that interferes with daily activities
  • Weakness of legs or feet
  • Numbness of legs, feet, or toes
  • Loss of bowel or bladder control