Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer is a disease in which malignant cancer cells form tumors in the thyroid gland. Thyroid cancer is an uncommon form of cancer.

Symptoms

The earlier the diagnosis, the better the chance you have at successfully treating thyroid cancer. However, with this type of cancer, symptoms can be few and vary greatly from person to person. There are a few symptoms to watch for that could lead to a thyroid cancer diagnosis, including:

  • A lump or nodule in your neck (the most common symptom)
  • Pain or swelling in your neck and sometimes in your ears
  • Trouble swallowing, breathing, or constant wheezing
  • A hoarse voice or frequent, unexplainable coughing

Diagnosis

In addition to all major cancer screening and diagnosis methods, we also offer these techniques when testing for thyroid cancer:

  • Position Emission Tomography (PET Scan) – A procedure to find malignant tumor cells in the body
  • Radioiodine Scan – Also known as a Thyroid Scan or Thyroid Uptake, this test involves measuring the thyroid function but does not involve imaging
  • Blood tests – Tests used to determine if the thyroid gland is functioning properly
  • Laryngoscopy – A narrow scope is inserted into your throat so a doctor can observe how well your vocal cords are functioning

Treatment

Surgery is the most common treatment for thyroid cancer. Radiation and chemotherapy are also treatment options.

Your care team will work with you to determine your exact course of treatment. Learn more about treatment options.