Liver Cancer

Liver cancer, also called primary liver cancer, is cancer that begins in the cells of this large-lobed, glandular organ which performs many vital functions to keep the body clean of toxins and harmful substances.

Symptoms

Early signs and symptoms of primary liver cancer usually do not tend to show themselves until the disease has progressed to a more advanced stage. However, when symptoms do appear, they may include:

  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Lack of appetite
  • Feeling very full after a small meal
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Fever
  • A swollen liver, spleen, or mass that can be felt  on the right side of the body just below the ribs
  • Pain in the right upper abdomen or near the right shoulder blade
  • Swelling in your abdomen
  • Yellowing of the skin and eyes, known as jaundice
  • Pale, chalky bowel movements and dark urine

Diagnosis

In addition to all major cancer screening and diagnosis methods, we also offer these techniques when testing for liver cancer:

  • Serum Tumor Marker Test – A procedure in which a sample of blood is examined to measure the amounts of certain substances released into the blood by organs, tissues, or tumor cells in the body
  • Liver Function Tests – A procedure in which a blood sample is checked to measure the amounts of certain substances released into the blood by the liver

Treatment

Surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy are treatment options for liver cancer. These additional treatment options may also be used:

  • Ablation Therapy – a procedure that removes or destroys tissue
  • Embolization Therapy – the use of substances to block or decrease the flow of blood through the renal artery to the tumor

Your care team will work with you to determine your exact course of treatment. Learn more about treatment options.