Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer is a disease in which malignant cancer cells form in the tubules of the kidney.

Symptoms

There may be no signs or symptoms in the early stages of kidney cancer. However, you should check with your doctor if you have any of the following:

  • Hematuria or blood in your urine (which may make the urine look rusty or darker red)
  • Pain in your side that doesn’t go away
  • A lump or mass in your side or abdomen
  • Weight loss for no known reason
  • Fever
  • Feeling very tired
  • Loss of appetite
  • Anemia or low red blood cell count

Diagnosis

In addition to all major cancer screening and diagnosis methods, we also offer these techniques when testing for kidney cancer:

  • Abdominal Ultrasound – An exam that uses sound waves to make pictures of the inside of the abdomen
  • CBC (Complete Blood Count) – A procedure in which a blood sample is checked to measure the number of different types of blood cells
  • Blood Chemistry Studies – A procedure in which a blood sample is checked to measure the amounts of certain substances released into the blood by organs and tissues in the body
  • Urinalysis – A test to check the color of urine and determine its contents, such as sugar, protein, red blood cells, and white blood cells
  • Liver Function Test – A procedure in which a sample of blood is checked to measure the amounts of enzymes released into it by the liver

Treatment

Surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy are treatment options for kidney cancer. These additional treatment options may also be used:

  • Ablation Therapy – a procedure that removes or destroys tissue
  • Embolization Therapy – the use of substances to block or decrease the flow of blood through the renal artery to the tumor
  • Biological Therapy/Immunotherapy – a treatment for persons with kidney cancer that may improve the body’s immune system ability to fight cancer
  • Targeted Therapy – drugs or other substances that work to prevent specific processes that help cancers grow

Your care team will work with you to determine your exact course of treatment. Learn more about treatment options.