Laryngeal Cancer

This is cancer of the larynx, which is part of the throat structure.

Symptoms

Symptoms of laryngeal cancer include:

  • A sore throat or cough that does not go away.
  • Trouble or pain when swallowing.
  • Ear pain.
  • A lump in the neck or throat.
  • A change or hoarseness in the voice.

Diagnosis

In addition to all major cancer screening and diagnosis methods, we also offer these techniques when testing for laryngeal cancer:

  • Positron Emission Tomography (PET Scan) – A procedure to find malignant tumor cells in the body
  • Barium Swallow/Upper GI Series – A procedure in which the patient drinks a liquid that contains barium; this liquid coats the esophagus and stomach, allowing images to be made of the area
  • Endoscopy – A procedure used to look at areas in the throat that cannot be seen with a mirror during the physical exam
  • Laryngoscopy – A procedure used to look inside the larynx to check for abnormal areas

Treatment

Surgery is the most common treatment for all stages of laryngeal cancer. Surgical techniques may include:

  • Removing the vocal cords only
  • Removing the supraglottis only
  • Removing all or part of the thyroid gland
  • Removing a surface lesion or tumor

Radiation and chemotherapy are also treatment options. Your care team will work with you to determine the exact course of treatment. Learn more about treatment options.